Dr. Sarah Pearson

Astrophysicist, Science Communicator & Public Speaker

-PhD commencement 2018, Columbia

Academic career

Sarah has published scientific papers [see ADS link] in several journals, including Nature Astronomy. Her science covers a broad range of topics such as galactic collisions, stellar streams, stellar explosions and dark matter. Her publications have been cited more than 350 times, and she has given invited talks at Harvard, MIT, the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton and several other institutions. Additionally, she has also won awards for her research one of which was the Danish Women in Physics Prize.

Biography

Sarah obtained her Bachelor’s degree in Physics from the University of Copenhagen in 2012, after which she acquired her Master’s and PhD degrees in Astronomy from Columbia University in 2015 and 2018, respectively. Currently, she holds a NASA Hubble Fellowship at New York University, where she studies galactic dynamics, dark matter and the Galactic bar.


Research interests

Stellar streams
Stellar streams emerge, in part, from disrupting clusters of stars. Sarah showed that the shape of the dark matter mass distribution in the Milky Way can be distinguished based on the morphology of stellar streams. Streams spread much further in space on mildly chaotic orbits. Sarah dubbed this mechanism stream-fanning in her Pearson et al. 2015 article in the Astrophysical Journal. In Pearson et al. 2019, Sarah and her collaborators recently demonstrated that thin stellar streams from globular cluster will be observable in at least 200 nearby galaxies with NASA's Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope.


Colliding galaxies
Sarah has been involved in observational (Pearson et al. 2016, Privon, Pearson+ 2017, Luber, Pearson+ 2021) and theoretical (Pearson et al. 2018, Besla, Pearson+ 2018) studies on the nature of collisions between dwarf galaxies. The motivation for investigating this population of galaxies, is to better understand how galaxies build up their mass in the early Universe, and how they cycle through their matter today.


The Galactic Bar
In recent years, Sarah has become interested in galactic bars. In her Pearson et al. 2017 publication in Nature Astronomy, she showed that bars can punch holes in stellar streams. The signature of those events, is similar to the signature predicted from dark matter subhalos passing close by stellar streams. She is now working on several projects related to understanding the formation and evolution of galactic bars (see e.g. Bonaca, Pearson et al. 2019).



Scientific journal articles

First & second author [ADS link]

16. Investigating the Baryon Cycle in Interacting Dwarfs with the Very Large Array and Pan-STARRS
Luber, N., Pearson, S., Putman, M. E., Besla, G. et al. 2021, submitted

15. Variations in the width, density, and direction of the Palomar 5 tidal tails
Bonaca, A., Pearson, S., Price-Whelan, A. et al. 2020, ApJ, 889, 70, arXiv: 1910.00592

14. Detecting Thin Stellar Streams in External Galaxies: Resolved Stars & Integrated Light
Pearson, S., Starkenburg, T., Johnston, K. V., Williams., B., and Ibata., R., 2019, accepted to ApJ, arXiv: 1906.03264

13. Modeling the Baryon Cycle in Dwarf Galaxy Encounters: the Case of NGC4490 & NGC4485
Pearson, S., Privon, G., Besla, G., Putman, M. E., Martinez-Delgado, D., Johnston, K. V., Gabany, J. R., Patton, D. R., Kallivayalil, N. 2018, MNRAS, 480, 3069, arXiv: 1807.03791

12. Gaps and Length Asymmetry in the Stellar Stream Palomar 5 as Eects of Galactic Bar Rotation
Pearson, S., Price-Whelan, A. M., Johnston, K. V. 2017, Nature Astronomy, 1, 9 arXiv: 1703.04627

11. Local Volume TiNy Titans: Gaseous Dwarf-Dwarf Interactions in the Local Universe
Pearson, S., Besla, G., Putman, M. E., Lutz, K., Fernandez, X., Stierwalt, S., Patton, D. R. et al. 2016, MNRAS, 459, 1827, arXiv: 1603.09342

10. Tidal Stream Morphology as an Indicator of Dark Matter Halo Geometry: the Case of Palomar 5
Pearson, S., Kupper, A. H. W., Johnston, K. V., A. M. Price-Whelan, 2015, ApJ, 799, 1, arXiv: 1410.3477

9. Unraveling the Origin of Overionized Plasma in the Galactic Supernova Remnant W49B
Lopez, L. A., Pearson, S., Ramirez-Ruiz, E., Castro, D., Yamaguchi, H., Slane, P., Smith, R. 2013, ApJ, 764, 50, arXiv: 1309.1464


Other journal articles

8. Hidden Depths in the Local Universe: the Stellar Stream Legacy Survey
Martinez-Delgado, D., [4. authors], Pearson, S., [17. authors], 2021, submitted to MNRAS, arXiv: 2104.06071

7. Separatrix Divergence of Stellar Streams in Galactic Potentials
Yavetz, T., Johnston, K. V., Pearson, S., Price-Whelan, A., Weinberg, M., 2021, MNRAS, 501, 1791, arXiv: 2011.11919

6. Kinematics of the Palomar 5 stellar stream from RR Lyrae stars
Price-Whelan, A., Mateu, C., Iorio, G., Pearson, S., Bonaca, A., Belokurov, V., 2019, AJ, 158, 223, arXiv: 1910.00595

5. The Frequency of Dwarf Galaxy Multiples at Low Redshift in SDSS vs. Cosmological Expectations
Besla, G., Patton, D. R., Stierwalt, S., Rodriguez-Gomez, V., Patel, E., Kallivayalil, N. J., Johnson, K. E., Pearson, S., Privon, G. C.; Putman, M. E., 2018, MNRAS, 480, 3376, arXiv: 1807.06673

4. A Widespread, Clumpy Starburst in the Ongoing Isolated Dwarf Galaxy Merger DM1647+21
Privon, G., Stierwalt, S., Patton, D. R., Besla, G., Pearson, S., Putman, M., Johnson, K. E., Kallivayalil, N., Liss, S., 2017, ApJ, 846, 74, arXiv: 1708.02587

3. Evidence of Fanning in the Ophiuchus Stream
Sesar, B., Price-Whelan, A. M., Cohen, J. G., Rix, H. W., Pearson, S., Johnston, K. V., Bernard, E. J., Ferguson, A. M. N., Martin, N. F., Slater, C. T., Chambers, K. C., Flewelling, H., Wainscoat, R. J., Waters, C., 2016, ApJL, 816, 1, L4, arXiv: 1512.00469

2. Chaotic Dispersal of Tidal Debris
Price-Whelan, A., Johnston, K. V., Valluri, M., Pearson, S, Küpper, A. H. W., Hogg, D. W., 2016, MNRAS, 455, 1079, arXiv: 1507.08662

1. The Galactic Supernova Remnant W49B Likely Originates from a Jet-Driven Core-Collapse Explosion
Lopez, L. A., Ramirez-Ruiz, E., Castro, D., Pearson, S. 2013, ApJ, arXiv: 1301.0618